Question: Why is the ‘main’ method in Java qualified as public, static, and void?


The “main” method in Java is the entry point of a Java program, and its qualification as public, static, and void serves specific purposes in facilitating the program’s execution and interaction with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Let’s delve into each qualifier in detail:

1. Public Access Modifier:

The public access modifier allows the main method to be accessible from outside the class in which it is defined. This is crucial because the JVM needs to locate and invoke the main method to start executing the program. By making the main method public, it can be accessed by the JVM, enabling the program to be launched and executed.

2. Static Keyword:

The static keyword indicates that the main method belongs to the class itself rather than any specific instance of the class. This is essential because the main method is called by the JVM before any objects of the class are created. Being static allows the main method to be invoked directly from the class without needing to instantiate an object, making it accessible even before the class is fully initialized.

3. Void Return Type:

The void keyword in the main method’s signature indicates that the main method does not return any value upon completion. Since the primary purpose of the main method is to initiate the execution of the program rather than produce a result, it does not need to return anything. The absence of a return type simplifies the declaration of the main method and emphasizes its role as the program’s starting point.


public class MainExample {
    // The main method, serving as the entry point of the program
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Program logic starts here
        System.out.println("Hello, world!");
        // Additional code can be added to perform tasks

In this example:

  • The public modifier ensures that the main method is accessible by the JVM.
  • The static keyword allows the main method to be called without creating an instance of the class.
  • The void return type indicates that the main method does not return any value.
  • The main method accepts a single parameter, an array of strings (String[] args), allowing command-line arguments to be passed to the program for additional customization and input.


The qualification of the main method as public, static, and void in Java plays a crucial role in enabling the JVM to locate, invoke, and execute the program. By understanding these qualifiers, developers gain insights into the mechanics of Java program execution and the significance of the main method as the starting point of Java applications.

Leave a Comment