Casting Operators in php

Although PHP is a weakly typed language, there are occasions when it’s useful to consider a value as a specific type. The casting operators, (int), (float), (string), (bool), (array), (object), and (unset), allow you to force a value into a particular type

Table of PHP casting operators

OperatorSynonymous operatorsChanges type to
(float)(double), (real)Floating point
Table of PHP casting operators

Casting affects the way other operators interpret a value rather than changing the value in a variable. For example, the code:

$a = “5”;
$b = (int) $a;

assigns $b the integer value of $a; $a remains the string “5”. To cast the value of the variable itself, you must assign the result of a cast back to the variable:

$a = “5”
$a = (int) $a; // now $a holds an integer

Not every cast is useful. Casting an array to a numeric type gives 1, and casting an array to a string gives “Array” (seeing this in your output is a sure sign that you’ve printed a variable that contains an array)

Casting an object to an array builds an array of the properties, thus mapping property names to values:

class Person
var $name = “Fred”;
var $age = 35;
$o = new Person;
$a = (array) $o;
Array (
[name] => Fred
[age] => 35

You can cast an array to an object to build an object whose properties correspond to the array’s keys and values. For example:

$a = array(‘name’ => “Fred”, ‘age’ => 35, ‘wife’ => “Wilma”);
$o = (object) $a;
echo $o->name;

Keys that are not valid identifiers are invalid property names and are inaccessible when an array is cast to an object, but are restored when the object is cast back to an array

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