Physical models in data compression

Models for certain telemetry data can also be obtained through knowledge of the under-lying process. For example, if residential electrical meter readings at hourly intervals were to be coded, knowledge about the living habits of the populace could be used to determine when electricity usage would be high and when the usage would be low. Then instead of the actual readings, the difference (residual) between the actual readings and those predicted by the model could be coded

In general, however, the physics of data generation is simply too complicated to understand, let alone use to develop a model. Where the physics of the problem is too complicated, we can obtain a model based on empirical observation of the statistics of the data

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